Congratulations to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge on the birth of their son. His Royal Highness is third in line to the thrones of 16 independent nations.
Here is British Pathé’s 1948 announcement of the birth of Prince Charles: View Film
On May 8th, Queen Elizabeth II officially opened Parliament and read the speech prepared for her by the Government listing the bills that would be put to the Houses during the course of the next year. Much is being made of Prince Charles’ unusual attendance, a sign perhaps of his increased role as the Queen grows older. The full text of the Queen’s speech can be read on the Number 10 website here.
British Pathé has a great many films of previous state openings of Parliament. But particularly noteworthy are the clips outlined below. Click the links to take a look.
Description: State coach bearing King Edward VII and escort pass camera on arrival at Houses of Parliament for State Opening of Parliament.
State coach and escort leave by the Victoria Tower and turn past camera.
Watch the film here.
Description: Intertitle reads: “King George V Opens His First Parliament. Scenes from Buckingham Palace along with route to the Houses of Parliament”.
Scenes of the state coach carrying King George V with escort making its way along Mall through Horse Guards and arriving at Houses of Parliament for the State Opening of Parliament.
Watch the film here.
Description: Various shots of crowds in the rain, men from the Yeoman of the Guard file in to search vaults in House of Lords. The royal car carrying King Edward VIII (later Duke of Windsor) drives through, he has chosen a closed car because of the bad weather. He is wearing Admiral’s uniform and waves at the crowds. M/S as his car enters the Palace of Westminster.
M/S as he drives out again afterwards, crowds are still gathered to see him. M/S as his car enters the gates of Buckingham Palace.
Watch the film here.
Description: Royal coach leaving Buckingham Palace. Large crowds running towards the coach. King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (later Queen Mother) are see in coach. Various shots of the coach moving very slowly through packed London streets towards Parliament. Crowds cheering. Several shots of the Yeomen of the Guard preparing for the Royal Reception. Various shots of the coach returning to Buckingham Palace after opening of the Parliament. A car with Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II) and Princess Margaret follows the coach on the way to the Palace.
Watch the film here.
Description: GV. Royal carriage leaving Buckingham Palace. SV. Pan, royal carriage leaving Buckingham Palace. SV. Royal Household escort leaving. GTV. of massed crowds at Horse Guards. GV.STV. Royal carriage driving through Horse Guards. LV. Royal carriage driving through Horse Guards. SV. Crowd as horses pass. SV. Pan Queen’s coach passing crowds. LV. Household Cavalry arriving on foot outside Parliament. LV.SV. Beefeaters arriving from coach. LV. Gentlemen at Arms arriving and assembling. SV. Lords arriving. SV. Yeomen of the Guard (Beefeaters) going into Palace of Westminster. SV.Back view, Yeoman of the Guard going into Parliament. LV. Crowd: and Guards present arms. SV. Pan Princess Margaret’s car arriving, also with her is the Princess Royal. LV. Escort Cavalry trotting past towards Parliament. SV. Pan, escort Cavalry trotting past towards Palace of Westminster. LV. Towards and pan, State Coach approaching Guard of Honour. LV. Escort passing Guard of Honour, Guards present. SV. People watching from balcony. LV. Towards and pan State coach passing Guard of Honour. SCU. Coach turning and driving into courtyard. Angle shot, Parliament. LV.SV. Household Cavalry lined up outside. SCU. Queen’s coach leaving Parliament. CU Royal Standard flying from Flag Pole. MS. Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip on balcony. GV. Crowds outside Palace. LS. Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Charles, Duke of Cornwall and Princess Anne on balcony.
Watch the film here.
Description: Colour item.
M/S as the Irish State Coach leaves Buckingham Palace, Queen Elizabeth II waves from it. M/S as it drives along. M/S travelling past Guard of Honour. M/S state crown in carriage. M/S parade. M/S Queen and Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, in carriage. M/S escort riding along. M/S’s coach coming up Whitehall. M/S as the coach arrives at Parliament and drives through gates.
Watch the film here.
There is also some very good silent footage of the interior from 1969.
British Pathé’s complete collection of State Openings can be found here.
Last night, the BBC aired a special edition of its popular Countryfile series, guest-edited by Prince Charles. Reviews today have been good and it seems there is agreement that the Prince came out of the programme very well. Do watch the episode on iPlayer if you get a chance (link).
If you saw the programme, you’ll remember that Prince Charles was shown some archive footage of his time at Balmoral in his youth to stir up some memories.
The footage was from a British Pathé film, “Balmoral Holiday” (1957), which can be viewed in full here. Some additional clips shown to the Prince came from these cuts from a 1955 piece “Royal Family On Holiday”. The completed film can be seen too, here.
The “delightfully informal” footage shows Charles and his family enjoying the countryside, feeding the animals, and spending some time with each other away from their tiresome ceremonial duties.
From 1922 to 1969, British Pathé produced lengthy round-ups of the year’s news stories that collected together the most dramatic images and covered the most important events. Not confined to British politics, these reviews act as a whirlwind tour of the world at the time in which they were made, chronicling everything from war to royal christenings, technological innovations to key sports matches as they go. You can view the entire “Review of the Year” collection here or choose from the list at the bottom of this page.
Now, in that tradition, we take a look at the last 12 months in a review of 2012. Here are some highlights (one for each month) of this tremendous year for which the British Pathé archive holds some relevant footage:
Our review of 2012 begins with something that happened many years before, for January marked an important anniversary. 90 years ago, on 3rd January 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Egyptian pharoah Tutankhamun. British Pathé has footage of Carter outside his discovery, as well as coverage of the treasures found within. Click here to explore the collection.
It feels just like yesterday but it was in fact back in February that we all came out in celebration for the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II. There was a royal river pageant (a gallery of previous royal barges can be found here), a concert, a Royal Tour of the country, and street parties across the nation.
British Pathé’s celebration of the life of Elizabeth II can be found here. Beginning with the Queen as a young girl with her grandmother, it features her marriage, her coronation, the royal tours, select royal visits within Britain, and the home life of the Royal Family. The collection concludes with footage of the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria.
In March, the economic situation in the UK looked no better. Unemployment reached its highest figure (2.67 million) since 1995, though it was still not as high as in 1984. The ups and downs of unemployment can be traced via newsreels in the British Pathé archive. Click here to explore.
The Cutty Sark re-opened to visitors after a dreadful fire. But in April we also commemorated the 100th anniversary of the loss of Titanic. The British Pathé archive contains not only footage of the legendary liner herself, but also of her great sister ships Olympic and Britannic, both of which had accidents of their own. You can explore our centenary collection or read about the footage in the blog post, Titanic and the Other Two.
Yet another important anniversary, this time of Amelia Earhart’s crossing of the Atlantic 80 years prior. Interestingly, an expedition was launched in 2012 in an attempt to discover her remains. We wrote a blog post about it that included links to various clips featuring that amazing personality.
On 14th June 1982, the Falkland’s War came to an end, with Britain having reclaimed sovereignty over the islands following an Argentine invasion. June 2012, therefore, marked 30 years since the conclusion of the conflict. We wrote about it in our blog post When the Falklands Were Forgotten, and you can view relevant footage in this collection.
One cannot think of 2012 without thinking of the Olympics. British Pathé has footage of many Olympic Games, including the two other London years, 1908 and 1948. We also digitised 300 Olympics clips, making them available on the website for the very first time. You can read about them here.
One of the highlights of 2012 was the Paralympic Games, which began at the end of August and were also held in London. The Paralympics started life in the British village of Stoke Mandeville and the Ninth Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games (1960) are now known as the first Summer Paralympics. British Pathé’s collection of material on the Stoke Mandeville Games can be viewed here.
Barack Obama accepted the nomination of the Democrats to run for re-election. He went on to win the 2012 Presidential Election and became the only Democrat to have won the popular vote twice since Franklin Roosevelt. You can see some clips from Roosevelt’s three presidential election wins here.
A YouTube sensation! Felix Baumgartner broke the sound barrier, leaping from a balloon 24 miles above the ground.
It was the Queen and Prince Philip’s 65th (blue sapphire) Wedding Anniversary in November, as well as the 20th anniversary of the Windsor Castle fire in what was the Queen’s “annus horribilis“. You can watch footage of the fire and A Day That Shook The World episodes on the British Royal Family in Crisis and the separation of Charles and Diana, or view the the announcement of the Queen’s engagement and the coverage of her wedding.
In the final month of 2012, the world received the news that Kate Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge, and Prince William were expecting their first child. We took a guess at possible baby names in this gallery. You can also vote in our poll here.
Have we missed something important for which the British Pathé archive has relevant material? Leave us a comment. You can also search our Ten Most Popular Clips of 2012 and visit our tumblr and Pinterest pages which were launched this year.
We hope you enjoyed 2012 as much as we did. Here’s to 2013!
Watch a previous “Review of the Year” by selecting from the list below:
|1||Look Back On 1922||1922|
|2||Section From Review Of 1923||1923|
|3||1925 Reviewed ( Reel 1 Of 3)||1926|
|4||1925 Reviewed (Reel 2 Of 3)||1926|
|5||1925 Reviewed (Reel 3 Of 3)||1926|
|6||Review Of 1934||1934|
|7||Review Of The Year 1935||1935|
|8||Review Of The Year 1936||1936|
|9||Review Of The Year||1938|
|10||Review Of The Year – 1939||1939|
|11||Review Of The Year 1940||1940|
|12||Review Of The Year 1941||1941|
|13||Review Of The Year – 1943||1943|
|14||Review Of The Year 1946||1946|
|15||Looking Back – On 1947||1947|
|16||1948 A Year Of Great Decision (Aka Review Of The Year )||1948|
|17||Akc Review Of 1949||1949|
|18||Review Of The Year 1950 Record A||1950|
|19||Review Of The Year 1950 Record B||1950|
|20||Pathe News Reviews 1951||1951|
|21||The Crowning Year||1953|
|22||Pathe News Reviews 1954 – A Year Of Endeavour||1954|
|23||Review Of The Year||1955|
|24||Pathe News Reviews 1956 – Year Of Turmoil||1956|
|25||Reviews 1957 (Aka Review Of The Year – 1957)||1957|
|26||Review Of 1958||1958|
|27||Review Of The Year 1959||1959|
|28||Review Of 1960||1960|
|29||Review Of 1961||1961|
|30||Review Of 1962||1962|
|31||Review Of 1963||1963|
|32||Review Of 1964||1964|
|33||A Year Of Achievements – Technicolor||1966|
|34||Review Of The Year||1967|
|35||Review Of The Sixties||1970|
Believe it or not, it has been twenty years since the Queen had her annus horribilis – that terrible year, 1992. Specifically, 20th November marks the anniversary of the Windsor Castle fire. It is interesting in the year of her Diamond Jubilee and blue sapphire wedding anniversary to look back on that difficult time for the Queen and the British monarchy in general.
“1992 is not a year on which I shall look back with undiluted pleasure. In the words of one of my more sympathetic correspondents, it has turned out to be an Annus Horribilis.” This is what the Queen said in November 1992 after the Duke and Duchess of York separated, Princess Anne got divorced, and Windsor Castle went up in flames. And that was not even the end of it, for in December, the announcement was made by John Major to the House of Commons that Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales, were separating too.
Although these events occurred decades after the final British Pathé newsreel was released (see this blog post), they are succinctly summarised in the BBC/British Pathé co-production, A Day That Shook The World. The relevant episodes, narrated by John Humphrys, are: British Royal Family in Crisis, Windsor Castle Damaged by Fire, and The Prince and Princess Separate. Click the links to view the films.
Things would not improve for the Queen in the following few years. With the death of Diana, the monarchy’s popularity declined. Again, these tragic events are covered in A Day That Shook The World episodes, on the car accident in Paris and the funeral.
And yet, in 2012, the monarchy is incredibly popular. The Queen had her Diamond Jubilee this year and the entire country came out in support and celebration. Popularity ebbs and flows.
And the Queen’s personal life must be happier too. Prince William and Kate are a popular couple, Charles and Camilla are married and, by and large, accepted by the public, and the 20th November marks her 65th (blue sapphire) wedding anniversary – the same day as the devastating Windsor Castle fire. Their marriage has been a successful and supportive one. We offer our congratulations.
A few years ago, what was then called “British Pathé News” began a production with the BBC called A Day That Shook The World. Two series were eventually made, the first narrated by John Humphrys, and they are available on our website to view (for free) in our programmes section. The last Pathé newsreel was released in February 1970, so this series and the associated series 20th Century Hall of Fame bring the archive beyond the twentieth century.
Topics covered by the series include September 11th, the Iraq War and the Capture of Saddam Hussein, the collapse of Enron, the Asian Tsunami, and the London Bombings. From this period, the series also covers the wedding of Prince Charles and Camilla – not quite an event that “shook the world” but certainly an interesting one.
From the latter part of the twentieth century, the series documents the impeachment of President Clinton, the death of Diana, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the first Gulf War, Chernobyl, and the Falklands Crisis. Prior to that we are in classic Pathe territory, with episodes succinctly summarising key events using Pathe footage that was captured at the time – the Somme, Hiroshima, Queen Victoria’s funeral, to name but a few. The series therefore acts as a useful entry point into an archive of 90,000 clips to wade through.
You can view the entire A Day That Shook The World series by clicking http://www.britishpathe.com/programmes/day-that-shook-the-world or selecting the link below that you want:
|1||Queen Victorias Funeral||1901|
|2||The Wright Brothers First Flight||1903|
|3||Emily Davison Throws Herself Under The Kings Derby Horse||1913|
|4||Battle Of The Somme||1916|
|5||Abdication Of The Tsar Nikolas||1917|
|6||Irish Free State Treaty Signed||1921|
|7||Suzanne Lenglen Breaks Wimbledon Record||1925|
|8||Start Of UK General Strike||1926|
|9||Charles Lindbergh Flies The Atlantic Solo||1927|
|10||American Golfer Bobby Jones Wins Grand Slam||1930|
|11||Hitler Becomes German Chancellor||1933|
|12||Edward VIII Abdicates||1936|
|13||Hindenburg Airship Crash||1937|
|14||Hitler Annexes Austria||1938|
|15||Germany Invades Poland||1939|
|16||Evacuation Of Dunkirk||1940|
|17||London Blitz Begins On Civilian Targets||1940|
|18||Pearl Harbour Attacked||1941|
|19||Battle Of El Alamein Begins||1942|
|20||Fall Of Stalingrad – German Army Surrenders||1943|
|22||Liberation Of Paris||1944|
|23||Big Three Meet At Yalta To Carve Up Post-War World||1945|
|24||Germans Surrender To Montgomery||1945|
|25||VE Day Celebrations||1945|
|26||First Atomic Bomb Test In New Mexico||1945|
|27||Labours Landslide Election Win||1945|
|28||Atomic Bomb Dropped On Hiroshima||1945|
|29||India And Pakistan Gain Independence||1947|
|30||Berlin Airlift Begins||1948|
|31||Maos Communists Take Over In China||1949|
|32||Korean War Starts||1950|
|33||Britain Explodes First Atomic Bomb||1952|
|34||Launch Of First Nuclear Submarine||1954|
|35||Roger Bannister Breaks Four Minute Mile||1954|
|36||French Surrender At Dien Bien Phu||1954|
|37||Le Mans 24 Race Disaster||1955|
|38||Khrushchev Denounces Stalin||1956|
|39||First Nuclear Power Station||1956|
|40||Soviets Crush Hungarian Revolt||1956|
|42||Manchester United Players Die In Munich Air Crash||1958|
|43||Peles World Cup Final Performance Thrills Crowds||1958|
|44||First Hovercraft Run||1959|
|46||Yuri Gagarin Becomes The First Man In Space||1961|
|47||Erection Of The Berlin Wall||1961|
|48||Cuban Missile Crisis||1962|
|49||Martin Luther King Delivers His “I Have A Dream” Speech||1962|
|51||Beatles Return From States In Triumph||1964|
|52||Aberfan Slag Heap Buries School||1966|
|53||Donald Campbell Dies In Bluebird Crash||1967|
|54||Six-Day War Begins||1967|
|55||Grosvenor Square Anti-Vietnam Riots||1968|
|56||Paris Riots – France Comes Close To Revolution||1968|
|57||Soviets Put Down Prague Spring||1968|
|58||Concorde Flies For First Time||1969|
|59||Armstrong Sets Foot On The Moon||1969|
|60||Bloody Sunday In Northern Ireland||1972|
|61||Nixon First Us President To Resign||1974|
|62||Ayatollah Khomeini Returns From Exile||1979|
|63||Lord Mountbatten Assassinated By IRA||1979|
|64||British Sas Storm Iranian Embassy In London||1980|
|65||British Task Force To Sail For Falklands||1982|
|66||HMS Sheffield Sunk In Falklands War||1982|
|67||IRA Bombs British Cabinet At Brighton||1984|
|68||Ethiopian Famine – BBC Reports Spark Huge Response||1984|
|69||Heysel Stadium Riots||1985|
|70||Challenger Spacecraft Explodes||1986|
|71||America Attacks Libya||1986|
|73||Zeebrugge Ferry Disaster||1987|
|74||Lockerbie Pan-Am Jet Explosion||1988|
|75||Exxon Valdez- Worlds Worst Oil Spill||1989|
|76||Hillsborough Football Stadium Disaster||1989|
|77||Tiananmen Square Massacre||1989|
|78||Berlin Wall Comes Down||1989|
|79||Official End Of The Cold War – Bush/gorbachev Agree To Deal||1989|
|81||Nelson Mandela Released||1990|
|82||Iraq Invade Kuwait||1990|
|83||Thatcher Falls From Power||1990|
|84||Desert Storm – Gulf War||1990|
|85||Soviet Coup Failed||1991|
|87||Los Angeles Race Riots||1992|
|88||British Royal Family In Crisis||1992|
|89||Windsor Castle Damaged By Fire||1992|
|90||The Prince And Princess Separate||1992|
|91||Arab Israeli Peace Agreement||1993|
|92||Yeltsin Crushes Political Rebels||1993|
|94||Barings Bank Collapses||1995|
|95||150 Die In Oklahoma Terrorist Attack||1995|
|96||Dolly The Sheep Clone Unveiled||1997|
|97||Princess Of Wales Dies In Paris Car Crash||1997|
|98||Death Of Mother Teresa||1997|
|99||Funeral Of Diana, Princess Of Wales||1997|
|101||President Clintons Impeachment||1998|
|102||NATO Bombing Of Chinese Embassy, Belgrade||1999|
|104||Deciphering Of The Human Genome||2000|
|108||Battle Of Tora Bora||2001|
|109||Fall Of Iraq||2003|
|111||Beslan School Siege||2004|
|112||Orange Revolution (Ukraine)||2004|
|115||Pope John Paul II Dies||2005|
|116||Charles And Camilla||2005|
|117||Super Jumbo Airbus||2005|
|118||London Awarded 2012 Olympics||2005|
|121||Israeli Invasion Of Lebanon||2006|
|122||Collapse Of Enron||2006|
Every now and again there are some important anniversaries that are worth blogging about. As it happens, there are four all coming up in the next few days. So here’s some relevant links that may be of interest to you.
In a few days it will be the anniversary of the Battle of the Somme coming to an end. Our First World War Somme collection contains some very good material.
On the 19th of this month it will be 70 years since the Soviet Union began Operation Uranus, part of the Battle of Stalingrad. British Pathé’s material on Stalingrad can be found here.
Interestingly, it is also the anniversary of the fire at Windsor Castle in 1992 – it’s been a whole 20 years since the Queen’s “annus horribilis”. We have some episodes of A Day That Shook The World that cover this dreadful year for the royal family. As well as the Windsor Castle Damaged By Fire, there’s the Prince and Princess Separate, and the Royal Family in Crisis.
On 26th November 1922, the archaeologist Howard Carter entered the tomb of the famous Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun. British Pathé has some shots of Carter at the tomb, as well as of the treasures found within. Our Tutankhamun collection can be found here.
Visit www.britishpathe.com for more films.