Imphal and Kohima

The British people have voted for their “greatest battle” in a poll conducted by the National Army Museum. The combined victories at Imphal and Kohima against the Japanese in the Second World War are now taken to be the “Greatest British Battle” in history, winning more than half of the votes cast. The runner up was D-Day, with 25 per cent of the vote. A full list of the contenders can be found here, in an article for The Daily Telegraph. For each of these engagements, the British Pathé archive has some relevant films that should be of interest.

Imphal and Kohima

“Invasion Scenes Far East” is a newsreel item showing British troops advancing towards Imphal in India. “Japs Trapped At Imphal” follows Indian infantry of 5th and 7th Indian divisions as they advance through the Hills of Manipur, past the bodies of dead Japanese soldiers, to trap the enemy.  Finally, “Driving Out The Japs” follows Lord Louis Mountbatten inspecting Indian soldiers and British men of the 14th Army at Imphal and Kohima. You can find all three films in this collection.

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D-Day

There’s an extensive collection of films from the Normandy landings during WW2 in the British Pathé archive. Click here for a selection. A more general Second World War Collection can be found here.

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Japan: A Nuclear History

The Japanese shelter themselves from deady nuclear rain in 1957

As Japan’s Prime Minister Naoto Kan gravely admits that this is the time of greatest hardship for the Japanese since World War II,  a sizeable part of the British media has focused its coverage on the growing nuclear crisis as two Japanese reactors’ cooling systems have failed, leaving both in danger of melting down, and severe hydrogen explosions occurring over the weekend.

So what is Japan’s history and story when it comes to nuclear energy?

The British Pathé film archive has a lot of footage related to the part that Japan played in the Atomic Age. We thought these reels would interest you, including a Japanese prime minister Kishi being shown around a British nuclear plant in the 1950s.

ATOM FEAR DISTURBS JAPAN

This 1957 newsreel shows 15,000 Japanese students protesting after warm acid rain strikes Tokyo following a nuclear explosion. It isn’t clear who the ‘culprits’ are of these nuclear explosions, with some confusion between Russian nuclear tests, American nuclear tests and British hydrogen bomb research taking place in the Pacific.

The British Pathé narrator suggests the Japanese protest against the British embassy is ludicrous on account for the British nuclear tests occurring over 4000 miles away from Japan.

BAN THE BOMB DEMONSTRATION IN TOKYO

“A small but noisy group of left wing students. The mob numbers less than 60 but they are a kingsize headache to Japanese authorities because of their fanatic leftwing zeal” The demonstration took place outside the American Embassy in Tokyo, and was against President Kennedy’s decision to continue nuclear tests in the Pacific Ocean.

This 1959 video shows the then Japanese president Nobusuke Kishi visiting the then half-built nuclear site in Bradwell, Essex, a British nuclear power station.

20 YEARS OF ATOM POWER

Washington marks the 20th anniversary of the nuclear age. An atom fair in the clip focuses on the positive uses of atomic energy. President John F. Kennedy is presented with a cube of uranium. The clip also shows how “large scale earth moving by nuclear explosion is a major part of Operation Plowshare, the AEC program for developing peaceful application of this overwhelming force.”

Operation Plowshare stopped in 1973, after over twenty nuclear tests had been carried out in the Nevada dessert. These tests where in addition to nuclear weapons tests carried out by America during the same period.

This 1957 video shows men on the Yucca Flats in the Nevada dessert conducting a nuclear test.

NUCLEAR POWERPLANTS IN BRITAIN

This 1962 newsreel focuses on the construction of British atomic power stations, such as Bradwell in Essex. The shots inside the power station are great, including the magazine loading stage.

NUCLEAR SHELTER, 1962

This video takes us inside a 1960s nuclear shelter in Maryland

Do have a rummage on www.britishpathe.com for more newsreels and archived videos, including out of space nuclear weapons, nuclear submarines, nuclear energy plants in France, Holland, Russia, America and of course Britain and dramatic nuclear air raid drills.