One major area of the archive that we’re working on at the moment is tennis. After all, Wimbledon will soon be upon us and British Pathé are one of the only film archives to both own Wimbledon footage AND let the public watch it all for free online. We don’t see the point in being a dragon sat on a pile or reels, and so here you, have all of our Wimbledon videos and enjoy them with some strawberries and cream. To get you in the mood see our 1970s interview with tennis legend Fred Perry.
Fred Perry speaks in more gentrified and morose tone that I expected. He told British Pathe about himself –
“I was a strange breed of cat. I was a loner and if I may use such a word on television – I was bloody minded about the whole thing. I had won the Table Tennis Championship in 1929 in Budapest, and never played again. I said to myself ‘right from now on nothing I do will interfere with my tennis’. I played soccer and cricket at school, I was an even worse than bad wicket keeper, the ball was too hard. I started to play tennis, fiddling around in Ealing, and in 1929 I got into Wimbledon.
In the interview Fred Perry talks honestly about rivalry, bitching and the conflicts and injustice between private and state schools at a youth level. It really is an asset and a general strength of film archives, to present the public with interviews and insight into the lives of those who are no longer alive. Nothing beats hearing it from the sportsman’s mouth.
Fred Perry passed away in 1995. Read a bit about his life on his Wikipedia page here, including details of his celebrity relationships which boast a host of glamour actresses including Marlene Dietrich.
Long before Ronald Reagan became an emblem of 1980s world politics he was a Senator of California, and an actor before that. Reagan’s early years are naturally shadowed by his later prominence, but thankfully British Pathe were there to capture Reagan’s formative years on film.
Titled “Election Shocks” this British Pathe reel celebrates Ronald Reagan’s success in the 1966 election – “by a colossal million majority, the candidate is already spoken of as a Presidential candidate for next time”. This clip is also special as a historicak source in that it shows Edward Brooke laughing and waving as he is voted in to represent Massachusetts – “The first negro to win a seat there since the civil war”
Like Arnold Schwarzenegger today, Ronald Reagan became the Senator for California largely on the back of his celebrity and familiarity with the public. Whether this position will act as a middle ground too for Arnie between being an actor and a world leader remains to be seen. Reagan was clearly a presence amongst the American political ranks for a good couple of decades before his appointment as President. He is name-checked here in a video documenting the 1964 election. President Johnson makes a dramatic and enraged speech, and then the Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater makes a speech in a sold out Dodger’s Stadium. It’s interesting to learn that supporters bought tickets to hear Dodger talk.
We’ve taken a science fiction theme today and have been watching old videos in the British Pathe archive of robots and early computer technology. From roboticised shop mannequins to lipstick applying secretarial assistant androids – the development of robots in the 20th century was considered a fun and trivial affair. In the latter end of the archive there is a shift to much more serious robotic application however – post sorting robots, battery hen analysis and robots intended to fight wars.
Just taking the 1950s as an example here are three brilliant old newsreels related to robot science:
“Three times faster than a man” Includes excellent footage of an early “synthetic speech making machine”, known by many today as Microsoft Sam. The machine tries to mimic the human voice.
Keen to know more we Googled “History of Robots” and found a site called Mega Giant which has a fascinating history of robots. Did you know the history of robots dates as far back as 350 BC when Archytas built a mechanical bird that propelled itself using steam. In 322 BC the idea of robots occurred to Aristotle when he wrote “If every tool, when ordered, or even of its own accord, could do the work that befits it… then there would be no need of slaves for the lords.” The word robot comes from the Czech word ‘robota’ meaning ‘compulsory labour’.
If you Google “JFK Videos” it’s surprising how little shows up in search – a few grainy clips slapped onto YouTube, some pricey DVDs and conspiracy sites.
British Pathé is the proud owner of numerous John F. Kennedy videos, rare archived newsreels and clips that collectively document the whole JFK story. From his birth, education, early years and young career through to his presidential visits, private life and the assassination aftermath. Great clips of Jackie O can be found in the British Pathé archive too, notably her bereavement broadcast in which she thanks America for their kind letters of condolence.
The JFK film archive includes footage of the former president with Sir Winston Churchill; Jackie Kennedy with her children Caroline and John at the launch of a new ship; momentous footage of JFK speaking out against the Cuban missile crisis and priceless scenes of the furore following the assassination.
Today’s blog post is on the unusual but fascinating subject of cannibals. This 1959 clip follows Assistant District Officer Alan Jeffries as he arrests native tribesmen of New Guinea on charges of cannibalism, following a murder enquiry. Although the initial interest in this video stems from the core subject of cannibalism, the footage very rapidly becomes a piece of social commentary on social misunderstanding, colonialism, definitions of criminality and problems with cultural cohesion. The British police officer comes across as a bit of a Wicker Man esque Edward Woodward character, as he bounds about the jungle proclaiming charges according to his own country’s legislation.
Of course it is understandable why he would be angry, having discovered that his colleague was murdered and then eaten by the tribe. However, the British Pathe narrator is wincingly empiric when he announces – “During their detention they’ll be taught the ways of white men, so that when they return home they’ll be able to reclaim others from savagery”.
This has to be one of the best Pathé newsreel titles to be discovered in the archive so far! “LOOK AT WALES” it screams in Caps Lock before a damp and rain stricken terrain of nonplussed sheep. Forget the cheesy tourism videos that we see on our screens today, this 1956 colour video takes tourism to new sarcastic heights. Unless the narrator is completely genuine when he declares “The sons and daughters of these farms have made their mark on history, yet remain loyally, even obstinately Welsh”. The dramatic music takes the viewers on an almost spiritual tour of Wales, whilst treating us visually to every aspect of Welsh culture, no matter how miniscule or obscure. Perhaps Wales should take on this very English, very alternative, patronising and borderline xenophobic marketing stategy once more. The clip has certainly left me thirsty for a holiday along the 500 miles of freezing coastline.
Watch the vintage promotional video LOOK AT WALES yourself now and see what all the excitement is about.
It’s Ascension day today, and do you know what that means? That’s right – it’s time to beat the bounds. ‘Beating The Bounds’ is a 2000-year-old tradition in which villagers parade around their parish beating everything with sticks, or ‘wands’ made from willow. The tradition was altered by the church at one point so that it was boys’ heads that were whipped with these wands, or whipped on their rears as this strange clip from Addlestone in 1938 depicts! ‘Boy bishops’ is another feature of ‘Beating The Bounds’ where a local boy is selected and dressed up as a bishop in full religious regalia, as a symbolic parody and upturn of power, an idea that was superimposed over the pagan notion of ‘king for a day’. The website http://www.strangebritain.co.uk tells us that “Curiously, other marker points around the boundary would also be beaten by literally bumping a boy (often a choirboy) against the mark. The boy would be suspended upside down and his head gently tapped against the stone or he would be taken by the feet and hands and swung against a tree! Nobody knows why or how the tradition originated. One explanation advanced is that it was intended to teach the young their parish’s limits and that the bumping of choir boys – at one time all the local children would have been involved – was ‘to help them remember’.”